How computer gets infected by virus and malware is a very serious issue to overlook, in fact there’s a very a slim chance that you don’t get infected by virus, malware, spyware and the likes of them. In this present age of digitization, where almost anything you can think of can be stored in a flash drive, hard disk drive, memory card, etc. Imagine such storage device where very important files and data are stored and not backed up; gets infected. The result could be very devastating and disastrous.
No matter the rate of virus spread in this modern age, am happy to let you know there are still ways and counter measures to take to stop these attacks.
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It’s very advisable to have a working anti-virus and anti-malware installed on your device. Emphasis on “working” antivirus. I say this because there are many anti-virus that are just sitting around on your computer or mobile Phones and the truth is, they are not active. The reason could be that they are not regularly updated to combat the new and everyday increasing number of viruses and malware or simply because they are free. Yes “free” why do you think software and programs in general are created in free, pro and premium versions? Does it not occur to you that there must be something you are missing out, while using these free versions?
Well, apart from antivirus and anti malware softwares, there are a couple of other ways, which we can adopt to avoid these cyber-infections. I did a quick run through on this particular issue, so I’ll be enlightening you on how they get infected together with counter measures. There’s a quote that says “you can’t tackle a problem without first finding out where it came from”.
HOW COMPUTER AND GADGET’S STORAGE DEVICES GETS INFECTED
- CONNECTING TO AN ALREADY INFECTED DEVICE: This is the number one way, malware and virus spreads from one device to another. The huge spread of viruses is basically in the process of file exchange. Since there is no way a person can have it all, one needs to collect files or transfer through a medium. It could be a wireless transfer or transfers involving usb cables, usb thumb/pen drives, memory cards and so on. During this process of transfer, viruses are given the freedom to move from one device to another.
Counter Strike: Make sure you copy files from a trusted device and even so, there is a 100% chance that you won’t know if a PC contains a virus or not. To tackle this, Download and install a working antivirus. I recommend Avast anti-virus or bit defender.
- DOWNLOADING ALREADY INFECTED FILES: There are a great number of files on the internet today that contains virus and malware. Ranging from music, pictures, games, software etc. Downloading these infected files automatically gets your device infected. I usually advise friends to download from only trusted and legit sites that ensures safe downloads like softpedia and filehippo.
Counter Strike: Download files from websites that offers already scanned software and files in zip format also you could install antivirus for internet security. I’ll recommend avast internet security.
- OPENING EMAIL ATTACHMENTS: Electronic mail is one of the most widely used medium to transfer data and information. Many of these mails come with attachments. If these attachments contain virus or any malware, once they are opened you get infected. Beware of attachments containing .exe and .dll extensions. These extensions are majorly for programs
Counter Strike: Open only attachments that you are quite aware of who sent them and also install a working antivirus. A good antivirus will not only keep your system protected but will also scan incoming mails and attachments.
- CLICKING ON ADS ON MALICIOUS WEBSITES: You can get your phones, pc and any device you usually use in visiting the web infected, simply by clicking on malicious adverts placed on websites. These ads are coded with adware bugs immediately they are clicked, the virus programs behind this ad starts running. They first download themselves into your device and start their operations.
Counter Strike: Installation of firewalls and antivirus can stop their operations and nullify their attacks, also mind what kind of ads you click on.
- NETWORK CONNECTIONS: Many devices are usually connected to home networks (wifi, hotspot, broadband, etc) which are interlinked with other devices. If one of these devices contains a virus or malware already, this network connections allow room for the spread of virus between the connected devices. Within few minutes all connected devices may be infected. In recent times the use of Bluetooth, wifi, wlan, hotspot, etc has been adopted by phones, android gadgets and pc developers to transfer files. Equally virus and malware have been easily transferred through this same medium. Example of software that uses this medium to transfer files are Xender, flashshare, shareit, etc
Counter strike: There is not much you can do in this kind of situation, although a regularly updated firewall and antivirus will assist a great deal but once your firewall or antivirus becomes inactive, the result could be disastrous.
- DOWNLOADING FAKE ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE: Not all antivirus software you see on the net are actually antivirus, in fact most of them do the opposite of their purpose. It is advisable to always download antivirus software from trusted sites like softpedia, that ensures you of your safety, downloading files from them. Beware of free softwares also, a major attraction that deceives people into downloading spyware, malware, virus, etc into their phones and gadgets is the tag “free”.
Counter strike : Download and install softwares only from trusted and legit sites, it’s preferable to purchase premium antivirus softwares instead of the free ones.
- THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA: Yeah, through social media. Are you surprised? I have a friend who can code messages into a mere picture, to the ordinary eyes it’s just a picture but behind this pictures are computer codes. Pictures, videos, music and files in general can be transferred from one person to another regardless of distance, through the use of social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and the likes of them. For instance, a picture containing a virus code is sent to an individual, immediately the picture is viewed or opened the codes behind the pictures starts running and before he/she knows it, they’ve been infected.
Counter Strike: An updated internet antivirus will be able to filter pictures, music, videos and other files before they are downloaded to your device. Also make sure you do not open files with .exe and .dll extensions sent via social media friends you do not know.
These precautions will minimize the risk of virus and malware spread. Alright over to you, do you think I missed something? Are there other stuffs you’ll like to know that I didn’t mention? Share your thoughts in the comment box below. As usual I’ll love to answer. If you find this article useful. Do consider sharing it on Facebook, Whatsapp, Twitter, etc
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